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The Flinders papersletters and documents about the explorer Matthew Flinders (1774-1814)
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Abercromby, (General) Sir Robert
1740-1827. Served in the American War of Independence; was Governor of Bombay and commander-in-chief of the Indian army. Governor of Edinburgh Castle in 1801.

Adam, Sir Charles
Captain, 'Invincible' (74-guns) 1811-13; First Lord of the Admiralty 1835-41.

Aken (Aiken), John
Replaced John Thistle as Master of HMS 'Investigator'. Former mate in the 'Hercules'. Imprisoned on Ile de France with Flinders.

Allen, John
Miner, HMS 'Investigator'.

Auchmuty, (Colonel) Sir Samuel
1758-1822. Served in India 1783-97; Egypt 1801-03; knighted in 1803; commander-in-chief at Madras from 1810 and captured Java from the Dutch in 1811. Commander-in-chief of the Irish forces from 1821.

Banks, Sir Joseph
1743-1820. Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766. Accompanied James Cook as botanist on his voyage in 1768-71 in HMB 'Endeavour'. Was President of the Royal Society from 1778 until his death in 1820. Knighted in 1781. Patron of Flinders's voyage in HMS 'Investigator'. For additional information see the essay Flinders and the voyage of the 'Investigator' in the 'About Flinders' section of this site.

Barrow, John
1764-1848. Second Secretary to the Admiralty for 40 years, 1805-45. Made a baronet in 1835.

Bass, George
Born in Aswarby, Linconshire in 1771. Apprenticed to surgeon-apothecary in Boston, Lincolnshire. Obtained his Membership of the Company of Surgeons in 1789 and joined the Royal Navy to become surgeon. Joined HMS 'Reliance' as assistant surgeon on her 1795 voyage to New South Wales and teamed up with Flinders in various explorations of the coastline. In 1797-98 explored 1930 km (1200 miles) of coastline south from Sydney to the Victorian coast and was sure there was a strait between the mainland and Van Diemens Land, but did not have time to prove it. Accompanied Flinders on his circumnavigation of Tasmania (then Van Diemens Land) in late 1798. Flinders named Bass's Strait (now Bass Strait) after him. Also explored inland looking for new natural history specimens. Married Henry Waterhouse's sister, Elizabeth, in October 1800. Left Sydney on 5 February 1803 on a speculative commercial voyage to New Zealand and was never seen again. It was rumoured that he was heading to Chile with an illegal cargo.

Baudin, Charles
1784-1854. Entered the French Navy in 1799 at the age of 15. By 1808 he had risen to command successively the frigates 'Pietmontaise' and 'La Semillante'. Lost his right arm in 1808 in combat with the British in the Indian Ocean. Continued in the Navy and was made captain in 1812.

Baudin, Nicolas
Commander of the French expedition to Terra Australis 1801-03. Flinders and Baudin came across each other on 8 April 1802 in what is now called Encounter Bay, South Australia. Baudin died on Ile de France (Mauritius) just months before Flinders arrived in 1803.

Bauer (Bawer), Ferdinand
Natural history artist on HMS 'Investigator'. Many of his drawings are held by the Natural History Museum, London. (For additional information see the essay Flinders and the voyage of the 'Investigator' in the 'About Flinders' section of this site.)

There were three people named Bell on HMS 'Investigator' - Hugh Bell, the ship's surgeon, and Nathaniel and Thomas Bell, both midshipmen.

Bergeret, (Captain)
Commanded the French frigate 'La Virginie'. Captured by Sir Edward Pellew in the 'Indefatigable' in 1796. Pellew offered to exchange him for Sir Sidney Smith but the French refused. When Smith escaped two years later, Bergeret was sent home unconditionally. He was instrumental in convincing De Caen to return Flinders's books, logs and charts to him.

Bertie, (Rear-Admiral) Sir Thomas
Commanded a fleet of 70 ships and transports from Bombay and South Africa in the capture of Ile de France in 1810.

Bickerton, Sir Richard
1759-1832. Baron of Upwood in Huntington County. Rear-Admiral to Nelson. Commanded the squadron off Cadiz in 1800. Flinders named Bickerton's Island for him.

Bligh, William
1754-1817. Master of HMS 'Resolution 'on Cook's third voyage of 1776. Commanded HMS 'Bounty' on the first breadfruit expedition to Tahiti in 1787 which ended in the now famous 'mutiny of the Bounty'. He was honourably acquitted of any charges at court-martial. Commanded HMS 'Providence' on the second breadfruit expedition 1791-93 (Flinders was a midshipman on this voyage). Governor of New South Wales 1805-09 where his attempts to end official corruption led to the 'Rum Rebellion' in 1808. His tomb can be seen at the Museum of Garden History, Lambeth Palace Road, London (near the Imperial War Museum).

Bonaparte (Buonaparte), Napoléon.
1769-1821. French General, First Consul 1799-1804; Emperor 1804-14. Born in Corsica, educated in France. Exiled to the island of St Helena where he died.

Bougainville, Louis Antoine, Comte de
1729-1811. French explorer and navigator of the South Pacific who annexed Tahiti during his circumnavigation in 1766-69.

Brine, Robert
Robert Brine. Franklin's agent in his financial affairs. Looked after Ann Flinders's financial affairs after Matthew died - presumably on the recommendation of Franklin.

Brown, Robert
Botanist, HMS 'Investigator'. (For additional information see the essay Flinders and the voyage of the 'Investigator' in the 'About Flinders' section of this site.)

Buchan, David.
Commander of the Arctic expedition with John Franklin in 1818.

Campbell, Robert
Robert Campbell and William Clark were a pair of successful merchants who started their company in Calcutta. They were amongst the first merchants to supply the new colony in New South Wales. In 1798, Campbell erected a warehouse and wharf on the western side of Circular Quay, Sydney Cove. Campbell is often referred to as the 'father of Australian commerce'.

Chappelle (Flinders), Ann
1772-1825. Daughter of Anne Mallison and John Chappelle. The latter died in 1776; Mrs Chappelle married the Reverend William Tyler. Ann married Matthew Flinders on 17 April 1801 having been a long-time friend through the Franklin family. They spent only a short time together before Matthew left on his voyage of discovery in HMS 'Investigator'. They were not reunited until 1810, four years before Matthew's death. Gave birth to their daughter Ann in 1812. Buried along with her half-sister Isabella Tyler at St Thomas' Rectory, 80 Maryon Rd, Woolwich, London, SE7.

Citizen Otto
French Government representative in London. Commissioner for the exchange of French prisoners.

Clarence, William, Duke of
1765-1837. Son of George III. Served in the Royal Navy. Became Duke of Clarence and St Andrews and Earl of Ulster in 1789. Crowned King William IV in 1830.

Crosley, John
Astronomer, HMS 'Investigator'. Unfortunately suffered badly from sea-sickness and left the ship at Cape Town. Flinders took over his astronomy role in the expedition.

Curtis, (Admiral) Sir Roger
1746-1816. Admiral in the Royal Navy under Lord Howe.

Dalrymple, Alexander
1737-1808. Began his sea career with the East India Company in 1752 where he rose to become the Company's Hydrographer in 1779. He was the Royal Society's choice of leader for the expedition to the South Pacific in 1768 to observe the transit of Venus - James Cook, Royal Navy was chosen instead. First Hydrographer to the Admiralty when the department was formed in 1795. Died three weeks after an enforced retirement.

Dampier, William
1652-1715. British explorer, privateer and sea captain. Made several voyages around the world and published an account in 1697. Visited the north-west coast of Australia in 1688 and again in 1699.

The French family Flinders lived with on the Ile de France when he was given his first parole.

De Caen, Charles Mathieu Isadore
(Often spelt 'Decaen'.) 1769-1832. The army was his life. General by 1796 and appointed Governor of Ile de France in 1803. He was responsible for the long detention of Matthew Flinders. Was wounded in battle in 1810 when British forces captured the island. Died of cholera.

Decrés, (Admiral) Denis
1761-1820. Captured in 1800 when his ship 'Guillaume Tell' was taken after a three hour battle with the 'Foudroyant'. His was the only remaining French warship from the Battle of the Nile.

Desbassayns, Charles
One of the D'Arifat daughters married Charles Desbassayns. He became one of Flinders's best friends on the island and, along with Thomas Pitot, looked after his finances on the island.

Douglas, Charles
Boatswain, HMS 'Investigator'. Died during the second half of the circumnavigation.

Drury, (Admiral) William O'Brien
1754-1811. Commander-in-chief of the Honorable East India Company. In 1810 he despatched a force to capture Banda Neira from the Dutch. Died in 1811.

Elder, John
Flinders's petty officer servant on HMS 'Investigator'. Imprisoned on Ile de France with him. Flinders procured his release in 1807 due to Elder's ill-health. Elder started exhibiting signs of paranoia - suspecting everyone of plotting harm to his Captain. Elders Ranges in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia are named for him.

Fleurieu, Charles Pierre Claret, Comte de
1738-1810. Napoleon's Navy Minister, responsible for funding Nicolas Baudin's expedition to Terra Australis; Baudin named Fleurieu Peninsula after him. Flinders wrote a 'memorial' to Fleurieu while imprisoned on the Ile de France, requesting Fleurieu's assistance in obtaining his release.

Flinders family
Dr Matthew Flinders of Donington was a widower with five children - John, Matthew, Samuel, Elizabeth and Susanna(h) - when he married Elizabeth Weekes. John was sent to the York Castle lunatic asylum at age 19; Elizabeth died when only 24; Susanna(h) married George Pearson and had eight children; Samuel married and had three daughters and a son whom he called Matthew. Dr Flinders and his second wife had two daughters, Hannah and Henrietta. Hannah married Joseph Dodd; Henrietta married James Chambers.

Flinders, Elizabeth
Matthew Flinders' stepmother; née Elizabeth Weekes. Referred to in his letters etc as 'my mother-in-law'.

Flinders, Henrietta
Matthew's cousin. Nicknamed Henny. Governess to the family of Captain (later Admiral Sir) Thomas Pasley who sponsored Flinders' service in the Royal Navy. Married John Newbald.

Flinders, Matthew
Born 16 March 1774 at Donington, Lincolnshire. Joined the Royal Navy in 1789 sponsored by Captain (later Admiral Sir) Thomas Pasley. Sailed with Captain William Bligh as Midshipman on the latter's second breadfruit expedition to the Pacific in 1791-93 in HMS 'Providence'. Took part in the naval action 'Glorious First of June' in 1794 in the 'Bellerophon' with Pasley. In 1795, he sailed as Master's Mate in the 'Reliance' under Captain Henry Waterhouse to the colony of New South Wales. With George Bass, surgeon of 'Reliance' (and Bass's boy servant William Martin) in 1796 he explored the reaches of Botany Bay in the first 'Tom Thumb', an 8-ft open boat. In 1798, in the 'Francis' he explored the Kent Group off Van Diemens Land (Tasmania). In command of the 'Norfolk' in 1798 he proved conclusively that there was a strait between the mainland and Van Diemens Land - and named it Bass's Strait after his great friend. Still in command of the 'Norfolk', he sailed northward in 1799 where he explored and charted areas around present-day Moreton and Hervey Bays in Queensland. Sailed back to England in 1800.

Appointed Lieutenant in command of the 'Investigator' (formerly the 'Xenophon') to lead a voyage of discovery around Terra Australis (Australia) 1801-03. Promoted to Commander in February 1801. Married Ann Chappelle on 17 April 1801. Successfully circumnavigated the continent of Australia and returned to Port Jackson in 1803. With the 'Investigator' condemned as unseaworthy, Flinders set sail in the 'Porpoise' to England in 1803 and was wrecked on uncharted reefs (now called Wreck Reef) off the Queensland coast. With 13 men he sailed back to Sydney in the ship's cutter to get help - a remarkable 1127 km (700 mile) journey. Set sail in another vessel - the 'Cumberland' - and rescued the survivors ('Rolla' and 'Francis' accompanied him to Wreck Reef). Continued to England but was forced to stop in December 1803 at Ile de France (Mauritius) for supplies and repairs. England was back at war with France and he was detained as a suspected spy for seven years. During this time he completed work on his charts and narrative and wrote a paper on a method of compensating for compass deviations caused by iron in a ship.

Released finally in 1810 (even though De Caen had received papers ordering his release in 1807), he returned to his family. Appointed Post Captain on his return in October 1810. Completed his experiments on compass deviations and his great work 'A Voyage to Terra Australis'. It was published the day he died, 19 July 1814, aged 40. Survived by his wife Ann and daughter Ann (born 12 April 1812). He was the first consistently to use the term 'Australia' and to confirm that the west (New Holland) and the east (New South Wales) were part of the one landmass. His charts became the basis of the Australian hydrographic record.

For additional information see the essay Flinders and the voyage of the 'Investigator' in the 'About Flinders' section of this site.

Flinders, Samuel
1782-1834. Matthew's younger brother; named after their uncle, Samuel Ward. Sailed with Flinders in HMS 'Reliance' in 1795 to New South Wales. Was Second Lieutenant on HMS 'Investigator'. Not with Flinders when the latter was imprisoned on Ile de France. Court-martialled after an incident on the 'Bloodhound' where he was commander. Buried at Donington Parish Church, Lincolnshire. Flinders Island in South Australia is named for him.

Fowler, Robert
First Lieutenant, HMS 'Investigator'. Had served on the ship when it was 'Xenophon'.

Franklin family
Step-cousins to the Flinders. Matthew's stepmother Elizabeth Weekes had a sister called Hannah who married Willingham Franklin. Willingham and Dr Flinders (Matthew's father) were friends. Hannah and Willingham Franklin were the parents of John, Thomas, James, Willingham(?), Mary and Elizabeth Franklin.

Franklin, Elizabeth
John and Thomas Franklin's sister. Called Betsey by family and friends.

Franklin, John
1786-1847. Flinders's step-cousin. Born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire. Served in HMS 'Polyphemus' at the Battle of Copenhagen. Midshipman and Master's Mate on HMS 'Investigator'. Fortunately did not sail with Flinders in the 'Cumberland' back to England and so avoided sharing Flinders's captivity on the Ile de France. Joined 'Bellerophon' (Flinders's old ship) as signal officer under Captain John Cooke in the Mediterranean. Joined the 'Bedford' in 1807 and was made Lieutenant in 1808. Was wounded during an attack against New Orleans in 1814. In 1815 he was First Lieutenant on the 'Forth'. His first command was in 1818 in the brig 'Trent'. Under Captain Buchan the 'Isabella', 'Alexander', 'Dorothea' and 'Trent' explored the Polar Sea north of Spitzbergen. He was made Post Captain in 1821, and also a Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1825 he explored the North-West territory. Knighted in 1829. Governor of Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) 1836-43. Left in 1845 in command of 'Erebus 'and 'Terror '(Captain Francis Crozier) in an attempt to find the North-West Passage. Never seen again, though 39 expeditions were sent out in search of them. It was not until 1859 that evidence was found - the log, which showed that Franklin had survived until 1847.

Franklin, Mary
John and Thomas Franklin's sister, and sister of Betsey (Elizabeth). The Franklin family were step-cousins to the Flinders.

Franklin, Thomas
One of Flinders's best friends and John Franklin's brother. (The Franklins and the Flinders were step-cousins.)

Frome, (Captain)
1802-90. Third South Australian Surveyor-General in 1839.

Gawler, (Lieutenant-Colonel) George Gawler
Governor of South Australia 1838-41.

Good, Peter
Gardener, HMS 'Investigator'. Worked at Kew Gardens before joining Flinders. Died in Sydney 1803 of dysentery.

Grey, Sir George Grey (Captain Grey)
1812-98. Governor of South Australia 1841-45. Governor of New Zealand 1845-53 and 1861-69. Governor of Cape Colony (South Africa) 1854-61.

Guthrie, James
Second Lieutenant, HMS 'Providence'.

Harvey, James and Elizabeth
Matthew Flinders's sister Elizabeth married James Harvey. Elizabeth had two children, James and Susanna, before she died at the age of 24.

Hayes, Captain James
Captain of HMS 'Magnificent' in 1812.

Henry (pseudonym)
Matthew Flinders writing about himself under a pseudonym - a convention to distance himself from the husband in the song. The song is written as though by his wife Ann to himself.

Heywood, Peter
1772-1831. Nephew of Sir Thomas Pasley. Served in HMS 'Bellerophon' in 1794 with Flinders, after he had been pardoned in 1792 for his part in the mutiny of the Bounty (Bligh's first breadfruit expedition to Tahiti). Promoted to Post Captain in 1803. Served under Admiral Rainier.

Hippins family
Cousins of Isabella Tyler. Ann Flinders stayed with them in London after the Admiralty had forbidden her passage to New South Wales on the 'Investigator' with Matthew. Presumably a sister of Rev. Tyler married into the Hippins family.

Hollis, (Captain) Askew Paffard
Also spelt 'Holles'. Captain of 3rd-rate 74-gun ship HMS 'Achille'.

Holloway, (Mr)
Civil service administrator for the Honourable East India Company in India.

Hope, Hugh
Commissioner from the civil administration of the East India Company in India charged with negotiating the release of English prisoners from the Ile de France. He was instrumental in the eventual release of Flinders.

Horsburgh, James
1762-1838. Fellow of the Royal Society. In 1810 hydrographer to the Honorable East India Co. Published the standard authorities in this field.

Howe, Richard (Lord Howe)
1726-99. Served as Lord Commissioner on the Admiralty Board 1762-65. First Lord of the Admiralty 1783-90. Commanded the Channel Fleet 1783-88 and again 1790-97. In command during the Battle of the Glorious First of June, 1794.

Hurd, (Captain) Thomas.
1753-1823. Succeeded Alexander Dalrymple as Hydrographer to the Admiralty in 1807. His own survey work included Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, the Bermudas. Credited with having the responsibility of all surveying coming under the Royal Navy with surveys and chart production becoming the responsibility of the Hydrographer to the Admiralty.

The Hursthouses were family friends of the Flinders senior. Lived at Tydd St Mary.

Inman, (Reverend) James
1776-1859. Principal of the naval school at Portsmouth and professor of nautical mathematics. Amongst other publications, he translated Chapman's treatise on ship building in 1820.

Jervis, John, Earl of St Vincent
1735-1823. First Lord of the Admiralty in 1800. Created Lord St Vincent in 1797. Served with Nelson.

Kent, (Captain) William
1757-1812. Served on HMS 'Reliance' and along with Henry Waterhouse was the first to bring merino sheep to the new colony in New South Wales in 1796.

King, Philip Gidley King
1758-1808. Third Governor of New South Wales after Phillip and Hunter.

Lacey, Dennis
One of eight midshipmen on HMS 'Investigator', along with Bell, Bell, Franklin, Lound, Sinclair and Taylor.

Larkins, Thomas
Commander of the East Indiaman 'Warren Hastings' from 1796. The ship was destroyed by the French in June 1806. Larkins was stabbed in the conflict, captured and sent to Ile de France as a prisoner.

Linois, (Admiral)
Was a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy during the American War. In 1789 emigrated to Italy; then to Spain the next year. Returned to France in 1791 and promoted to Captain in 1792. Bonaparte made him an Admiral in 1800. In command of a sanctioned fleet of privateers operating out of Ile de France. Tried to have Flinders sent to France to gain his liberation. His log is in the manuscript collection of the National Maritime Museum, Greenwich.

Lound, Sherrard
One of eight midshipmen on HMS 'Investigator', along with Bell, Bell, Franklin, Lacey, Sinclair and Taylor.

Mallison Family
Ann Flinders's mother was born Anne Mallison. The Mallisons were Ann's cousins.

Markham, John
Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty. Vice Admiral 1761-1827.

Marsden, William
Secretary to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 1804-07, succeeding Evan Nepean.

Mart, Russell
Carpenter, HMS 'Investigator'.

Maskelyne, Nevil
1732-1811. Astronomer Royal 1765-1811.

Melville, Henry Dundas, First Viscount (Lord Melville)
1742-1811. Treasurer of the Navy 1782 (or 84?)-1800. First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty, 1804-05. Very popular due to his attempted reforms of Navy Pay and his fight for the rights of sailors and their families. Resigned in 1805 when Samuel Whitbread accused him of using public funds for himself and impeachment proceedings began. One year later he was cleared of all charges.

Minto, Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 1st Earl of (Lord Minto)
1751-1814. 1st Earl of Minto. Viscount Melgund. Governor-General of India 1807-13. Was responsible for the British conquering of the French islands of Reunion and Mauritius (formerly Bourbon and Ile de France) in 1810.

Monistrol, (Colonel)
De Caen's senior officer; in charge of Flinders on a day-to-day basis during his detention on the Ile de France. All correspondence to or from Flinders went via Monistrol. Although sympathetic to Flinders' cause, he was compelled to follow De Caen's orders.

Mornington, Richard Wellesley (Lord Mornington)
1760-1842. Richard Wellesley. Governor of India 1797-1805.

Mulgrave, Henry Phipps (Lord Mulgrave)
Secretary of State for the Foreign Department in 1796. A lieutenant-general and colonel of the 91st regiment of foot, he distinguished himself at the seige of Toulon. First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty 1807-10.

Nepean, Evan
Secretary to the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty 1795-1804; succeeded by William Marsden. Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty 1804-06. Also held the posts of Chief Secretary for Ireland, Governor of Bombay, Under Secretary of State in the British Home Office.

Newbald, John
Married Matthew's favourite cousin Henrietta Flinders.

Nichols, William
Master, HMS 'Providence'.

Nicol, George
The brothers George and William Nicol were the publishers of Flinders's work 'A Voyage to Terra Australis; undertaken for the purpose of completing the discovery of that vast country... in two volumes with an atlas'. The work was published the day Flinders died, 19 July 1814.

Olive, John
Clerk, HMS 'Investigator'.

Owen, (Captain) William Fitzwillam
1775-1858. Joined the Royal Navy in 1788 and served at the Glorious First of June battle in 1794. A fellow prisoner with Flinders 1808-10. Best known for his later surveys of the west African coast.

Owen, Sir Edward William Campbell Rich
Brother of William Fitwilliam Owen, who was one of Flinders's fellow prisoners 1808-10. Flinders's brother Samuel served under Edward Owen (then Captain) on the 'Bloodhound', and Flinders appealed to him for assistance in exonerating Samuel at his court-martial. Owen Sound Bay in Lake Huron, Canada, was named after him by his brother William.

Park, (Captain)
Captain of the 'Cato' - the ship in which Flinders was a passenger on his return to England from Port Jackson in 1803. The 'Cato' was wrecked on Wreck Reef, 170 km south-west of the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland. Park and Flinders were instrumental in saving the crews of the 'Cato' and the 'Porpoise', the other ship wrecked at the same time.

Parry, William Edward
1790-1855. Commander of the 'Alexander' (see also David Buchan and John Franklin). Commanded three expeditions to the Arctic - 1819-20; 1821-23; 1824-25. Knighted for his expeditionary work. Reached the farthest point north in 1827, a record which stood for almost 50 years.

Pasley, Thomas
Flinders's sponsor in joining the Royal Navy in 1789. Introduced to Flinders by the latter's cousin Henrietta Flinders, who was governess to Pasley's children. Became an Admiral and was knighted for his services in HMS 'Bellerophon'.

Paterson, Lieutenant Colonel William
1753-1810. Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales under Philip Gidley King.

Pearce, Thomas
Served in HMS 'Providence'.

Peel, Robert
Future prime minister of England, in 1811 Peel (aged 23) was the Under-Secretary of War and Colonies, in which capacity he is mentioned in a letter to Flinders from the Admiralty.

Pellew, (Admiral) Edward, Viscount Exmouth
1757-1833. Viscount Exmouth, Admiral of the Red. Entered the Royal Navy in 1770. Served in the American Revolutionary War and British conflicts against the French. Given his first command in 1780, aged 23; promoted to Post Captain in 1782. Most famous command was that of the 'Indefatigable' in 1795. Captured 'La Virginie', commanded by Captain Bergeret in 1796. Made a baronet in 1796. Commander-in-Chief of His Majesty's ships and vessels in the East Indies 1804-09 and in the Mediterranean until 1817. Flinders named Cape Pellew and Sir Edward Pellew Group (in the Gulf of Carpentaria) for him. Pellew lobbied hard for Flinders' release.

Petrie, Ann
Daughter of Ann and Matthew Flinders. Born 12 April 1812.

Petrie, William Matthew Flinders
Grandson of Matthew Flinders. Born 3 June 1853, Charlton, England. Became a world-famous archaeologist. Appointed Edwards Professor of Egyptology in 1892. Knighted for his services to Egypt in 1923. Died in 1942.

Pitot, Thomas
Became a great friend and ally of Flinders during the latter's detention on Ile de France.

Pope Clement XIII
Carlo della Torre Rezzonico, born 1693. Succeeded Benedict XIV as Pope in 1758. Died 1769.

Purdie, Robert
Surgeon's assistant, HMS 'Investigator'.

Rainier, (Admiral) Peter
Born 1741. Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies 1794-1804. Captain George Vancouver named Mount Rainier in Washington State, USA for him in 1792.

Riviere, Viscount de
French Minister of the Navy.

Captain of the 69th Regiment.

Shore, Sir John
1751-1834. 1st Baron Teignmouth. Governor-General of India 1793-98.

Sinclair, Kenneth
One of eight midshipmen on HMS 'Investigator', along with Bell, Bell, Franklin, Lacey, Lound and Taylor.

Smith, Christopher
Botanist, HMS 'Providence' - on Bligh's second breadfruit expedition in 1791. Died in 1807.

Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl of
First Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty 1794-1801.

Standert, A.
Flinders's agent in London who handled all his naval finances. The Osborne Standert mentioned in Flinders's will (FLI/06) is his father.

Taylor, William
Master's mate and midshipman, HMS 'Investigator'. Died at Memory Cove in a boat accident - John Thistle and six others were also lost.

Thistle, John
Ship's Master, HMS 'Investigator'. Had served with Bass in his whaleboat voyages and with Flinders in the 'Norfolk'. Lost with William Taylor and six others at what became Cape Catastrophe on 22 February 1802 in a boat accident. Flinders left a copper plate with details of the tragedy on the mainland and named it Memory Cove.

1799-1804. Ship's cat on 'Investigator' and 'bedfellow' of Flinders. Named after Corporal Trim, a character in Laurence Sterne's 'Tristram Shandy'. Survived the circumnavigation of Australia with Flinders; survived the shipwreck on Wreck Reef with Flinders in 1803; was imprisoned on Ile de France with Flinders. The latter reported that he was 'devoured by the Catophagi of that island' and wrote a touching and humorous tribute to his cat (FLI/11).

Troubridge, (Admiral) Sir Thomas
1758-1807. Distinguished naval officer in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Lord Commissioner of the Admiralty 1801-04.

Troughton, Edward
1753-1835. Mathematical instrument maker and leading maker of nautical instruments in England.

Tuckey, (Mrs)
Referred to by Franklin in letter. Most probably refers to the wife of James Kingston Tuckey (1776-1816). He surveyed Port Philip Bay in HMS 'Calcutta' in 1802, was captured by the French in 1806, and died in the Congo in 1816. He is better known as an African explorer.

Tyler, (Reverend) William
The Reverend William Tyler was Rector of Brothertoft. He married the widow Anne Chappelle (neé Mallison) and became stepfather to Ann and then father to Isabella (Belle/Bell). Ann Flinders lived with the Tylers (her mother, stepfather and half-sister) while Matthew was at sea and under detention.

Tyler, Isabella (Belle/Bell)
Ann Flinders's (née Chappelle) half-sister. Buried with her at St Thomas's Rectory, 80 Maryon Street, Woolwich, London, SE7. Called Bell(e) by Flinders.

Tymon, (Mr)
Surgeon in the Royal Navy.

Vancouver, George
1758-98. Navigator and explorer. Midshipman with James Cook on the latter's second (1772-74) and third (1776-80) voyages. Served in the West Indies. From 1791-95 he explored the north-west coast of America - via Cape of Good Hope and survey work in south-west Australia and New Zealand.

Vidal, Alexander Thomas Emeric
1792-1863. Surveyor and Vice Admiral.

Waterhouse, Henry
1770-1812. Was an officer on HMS 'Sirius' of the First Fleet to Australia in 1788. Served with Flinders on HMS 'Bellerophon' in the 1794 battle, the 'Glorious First of June'. Was commander of HMS 'Reliance' with Flinders as master's mate in the 1795 voyage to New South Wales. Purchased pure merino sheep at Cape of Good Hope and brought them to Australia. George Bass (surgeon on 'Reliance' and fellow explorer with Flinders) married his sister Elizabeth Waterhouse in 1800. Died in 1812.

Westall, William
Landscape artist on HMS 'Investigator'. (For additional information see the essay Flinders and the voyage of the 'Investigator' in the 'About Flinders' section of this site. Two of his paintings from the voyage can also be viewed via the About Flinders section of this website.)

Whidbey (Whidby), Joseph
Master of Captain George Vancouver's ship HMS 'Discovery' during the latter's voyages of discovery. Later became Master Attendant at Sheerness. Assisted Flinders with the provisioning of stores for the 'Investigator'.

Wilberforce, William
1759-1833. British politician and philanthropist who was prominent in the abolition of the slave trade.

Wiles, James
Naturalist, HMS 'Providence' - Bligh's second breadfruit expedition in 1791.

Williams, Thomas
Captain. Married Jane Austen's cousin Jane Cooper. Austen's brother Charles was a midshipman with Williams on the frigate 'Unicorn' in the 1790s.

Yorke, (Rt Hon) Charles Philip
Secretary of War, 1801-03. Home Secretary, 1803-04. First Lord of the Admiralty, 1810-12.

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